The Secretary of Labor has found and declared that the following non-agricultural
occupations are hazardous for young workers under 18 years of age. No youth under 18 may
be employed at any time in these occupations, unless specifically exempt. General
exemptions apply to all of these occupations, while limited apprentice/student-learner
exemptions apply to those occupations marked with an *. A description of these exemptions
follows the hazardous occupations list.
The rules prohibiting working in hazardous occupations (HO) apply either on an industry
basis, or on an occupational basis no matter what industry the job is in. These rules
prohibit work in, or with the following:
Manufacturing and storing of explosives.
Driving a motor vehicle and being an outside helper on a motor vehicle.
Forest fire fighting and fire prevention, timber tract management, forestry services, logging, and saw mill occupations.
Power-driven woodworking machines.
Exposure to radioactive substances.
Power-driven hoisting apparatus.
Power-driven metal-forming, punching, and shearing machines.
Mining, other than coal mining.
Meat and poultry packing or processing (including the use of power-driven meat slicing machines).
Power-driven bakery machines.
Balers, compactors, and paper-products machines.
Manufacturing brick, tile, and related products.
Power-driven circular saws, band saws, guillotine shears, chain saws, reciprocating saws, wood chippers, and abrasive cutting discs.
Wrecking, demolition, and shipbreaking operations.
Roofing operations and all work on or about a roof.
You can obtain more detail about any, or all of the above listings, by reviewing the
child labor regulations.